A UTI (urinary tract infection) is a common, short-term ailment that can lead to further health conditions. Such difficulties can be even worse for infants, toddlers, or kids of all ages. Thus, it’s critical to recognize its symptoms and learn the different ways to treat the condition.
Read on to discover everything you should know about children’s UTI.
An infection of the bladder, kidneys, ureters, or urethra is known as a urinary tract infection (UTI). The urinary tract eliminates waste and puts your kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra to work. The kidneys filter blood and create urine, which travels to the bladder for storage via the ureters and eventually exits via the urethra.
When bacteria enters the urinary tract via the skin surrounding the rectum and genitals or via the bloodstream from other regions of their body (which is much less common), bacteria can spread and turn into an infection. UTIs are also classified into two types: lower UTI, and upper UTI.
Moreover, urinary tract infections must be treated as soon as possible to avoid the infection from spreading and causing possible kidney damage.
UTIs in Children
UTIs are frequently found in youngsters and may affect children as young as two years old and below. In fact, one in every twelve females and one in every fifty males will have a UTI by the age of seven. They are also commonly missed since the symptoms are not always obvious, especially if the child is too young to convey them.
Children with UTI can fall ill with fever, back pain, and a burning sensation in the genitals while urinating. However, it is not necessary to have a temperature to diagnose a urinary tract infection.
It;s also worth noting that UTIs occur more in immunocompromised children and children who are using long-term medications for a variety of reasons. Furthermore, children can be born with urinary system anomalies, which increase their risk of infection.
Urine is a sterile fluid that contains other fluids, salts, and waste elements. Infection arises when germs adhere to and multiply in the urethral opening. UTIs are mostly caused by bacteria, such as E. coli, Klebsiella, Proteus, Enterobacter, Citrobacter, Saprophyticus, and Enterococcus.
The most typical symptoms of a urinary tract infection include fever, stomach discomfort, strong odor urine, sluggishness/exhaustion, weight gain/loss, irritability, nausea, diarrhea, and jaundice. However, each child’s experience will be unique.
Other symptoms seen in older children include, urinary promptness in few amounts, soreness with urinating (dysuria), wet accidents, pain above the pubic bone, blood in urine, vomiting, back or side pains, fatigue, and sore throat.
Seeking Medical Help
Pediatricians often check kids for urinary tract infections, and may conduct the following tests:
- Two tests for bacteria or white blood cells in urine are leukocyte esterase and urine culture.
- Infection or renal function testing
- Kidney and bladder ultrasound or computed tomography
- A VCUG checks the bladder and urethra to evaluate the presence of vesicoureteral reflux (when urine backs up to the kidneys instead of flowing out through the urethra).
To treat a urinary tract infection, antibiotics can be given intravenously (through a needle put into your child’s veins) or orally (they swallow the pills or liquid). In addition, the doctor may prescribe anti-fever and anti-pain drugs.
Only your child’s health care practitioner will most likely be able to treat a UTI effectively and properly.If anything, complications may demand a visit to a urologist or a nephrologist.
As adults who are responsible for their children, it’s vital to know how to prevent health concerns. As with the case of the age-old urinary tract infection, you must learn how to keep your child’s urinary area clean and teach them to do the same for themselves. With the right steps, discipline, and knowledge, you and your child can keep UTIs away!
Your Kid’s Urgent Care makes high-quality pediatric urgent care services accessible for families. With us, medical and professional assistance can aid you and your needs any time you need them! Just give us a call, and we’ll come to the rescue!